Clinical Case Database / Category: Case Based Discussion
Hafiy Haini, Tree Richardson
Foundation Years Journal, volume 6, issue 10, p.26 (123Doc Education, London, November 2012)
Intra-vitreal injections can play a huge role in the management of important ophthalmological conditions. It has become a popular method to manage retinal diseases such as age-related macular degeneration (AMD), diabetic retinopathy and retinal vein occlusion. The development anti-VEGF agents has made a significant impact the management of AMD and other conditions associated with pathological neovascularisation.
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1. Kooragayala, Lakshmana M. Central Retinal Vein Occlusion. Medscape [serial online]. 2011; [cited 2012 April 28]. Available from: http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/1223746-overview
2. Busquets, Miguel. Intra-vitreal Injections: Technique and Infection Prophylaxis. Retina Today [serial online]. 2007; 19-21. [cited 2012 April 28]. Available from: http://www.retinatoday.com/Html Pages/0107/RT0107_medical_busquets.pdf
3. The Royal College of Ophthalmologists. Guidelines for Intra-vitreal Injections Procedure. London: The Royal College of Ophthalmologists; 2009.
4. National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence. Dexamethasone Intra-vitreal Implant for the Treatment of Macular Oedema Caused By Retinal Vein Occlusion. [online]. 2011; [cited 2012 April 29]. Available from: http://guidance.nice.org.uk/TA229/Guidance/pdf/English
5. Highlights of Prescribing Information. [web page online]. Irvine, CA: Allergen, inc.; [cited 2012 April 29]. Available from: http://www.allergan.com/assets/pdf/ozurdex_pi.pdf
6. Stewart, Michael W. The Expanding Role of Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor Inhibitors in Ophthalmology. Mayo Clin Proc [serial online]. 2012; 87 (1): 77-88 [cited 2012 April 29]. Available from: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.mayocp.2011.10.001
7. Seregard, S., Sing, A.D. Retinoblastoma: Direct Chemotherapuetic Drug Delivery into the Vitreous Cavity. Br J Ophthalmol [serial online]. 2012; 96 (4): 473-474 [cited 2012 May 6]. Available from: http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bjophthalmol-2012-301528
8. Smith, S.J., Pulido, J.S., Salomao, D.R. Combined Intra-vitreal and Subconjunctival Carboplatin for Retinoblastoma with Vitreous Seeds. Br J Ophthalmol [serial online]. 2012 [cited 2012 May 6]. Available from: http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bjophthalmol-2011-300829
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About the Clinical Cases Database
The Foundation Years Clinical Cases Database is a selection of 600 peer-reviewed clinical cases in the field of patient safety and clinical practice, specifically focused on the clinical information needs of junior doctors, based around the Foundation Year Curriculum programme (MMC). The cases have been chosen to align with the Foundation Year Curriculum.
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