Clinical Case Database / Category: Patient Management

Nephrotic syndrome diagnosis & managment

Publication details

Dr Madhu Potluri, Dr Sumith Abeygunasekara
Foundation Years Journal, volume 8, issue 4, p.42 (123Doc Education, London, April 2014)


The term “dropsy” has been known about since ancient times and means oedema. Nephrotic syndrome has been described by various eminent scientists through the ages as either the result of excessive loss of protein from the kidney or excessive salt and water accumulation due to the chronic states of heart failure and liver cirrhosis. The most notable consequence of continued proteinuria is expansion of body water leading to oedema.

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Dr Madhu Potluri

Specialist Registrar In Nephrology
Broomfield Hospital, Court Road, Chelmsford, CM1 7ET

Dr Sumith Abeygunasekara

Consultant Nephrologist
Broomfield Hospital
Court Road, Chelmsford, CM1 7ET


1. Oxford Desk Reference Nephrology Bockenhauer, D (2009) Oxford Desk Reference: Nephrology. Barratt, J and Topham, P and Harris, K, (eds.) Oxford Desk Reference: Nephrology. Oxford University Press, USA.
2. The Nephrotic Syndrome Stephen R Orth MD, Ebherhard Ritz MD April 23, 1998 NEJM.
3. Effects of salt intake and renal compensation. Wilcox CS, Mitch WE, Kelly RA et al. J Lab Clin Med.


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About the Clinical Cases Database

T​he Foundation Years Clinical Cases Database is​ a selection of 600 peer-reviewed clinical cases in the field of patient safety and clinical practice, specifically focused on the clinical information needs of junior doctors, based around the Foundation Year Curriculum programme (MMC). The cases have been chosen to align with the Foundation Year Curriculum.

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