Forum: MRCP Part 1

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  2. Enumerate 3 causes of ACUTE mitral regurgitation ?
    Dr. O A

  3. 1- papillary muscle dysfunction ( ischemia or infarction)
    2-bacterial endocarditis either on previouly abnormal valve or spread from an infected aortic valve.
    3- secondary to left ventricular dilatation in heart failure.
    HOCM can also be included.
    ref (medical list of examination)

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