Clinical Case Database / Category: Case Based Discussion

The acute red eye

Publication details

Dr Nosheen Khan BMedSc, MBChB, Mr Jai Shankar
Foundation Years Journal, volume 7, issue 3, p.42 (123Doc Education, London, March 2013)


The acute red eye is a common ophthalmological presentation both in the Accident & Emergency (A&E) department and in the Ophthalmology outpatients’ department. It is caused by conditions ranging from the trivial to the sight-threatening. By considering three hypothetical presentations for the same patient, this article aims to differentiate between the important causes, and hence identify serious disease.

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Dr Nosheen Khan BMedSc, MBChB

FY2 Ophthalmology
Wrexham Maelor Hospital

Mr Jai Shankar

Consultant Ophthalmologist
Wrexham Maelor Hospital


1. Kanski JJ. Clinical Ophthalmology: A Systematic Approach, 6th edn. Butterworth-Heinemann 2007.
2. Kunimoto DY, Kanitkar KD, Makar MS, Friedberg MA, Rapuano CJ. The Wills Eye Manual: Office and Emergency Room Diagnosis and Treatment of Eye Disease, 4th edn. Lippincott Williams and Wilkins 2004.


Conflict Of Interest

The Journal requires that authors disclose any potential conflict of interest that they may have. This is clearly stated in the Journal’s published “Guidelines for Authors”. The Journal follows the Guidelines against Conflict of Interest published in the Uniform Requirements for Manuscripts Submitted to Biomedical Journals (

Financial Statement

The authors of this article have not been paid. The Journal is financed by subscriptions and advertising. The Journal does not receive money from any other sources. The decision to accept or refuse this article for publication was free from financial considerations and was solely the responsibility of the Editorial Panel and Editor-in-Chief.

Patient Consent statement

All pictures and investigations shown in this article are shown with the patients’ consent. We require Authors to maintain patients’ anonymity and to obtain consent to report investigations and pictures involving human subjects when anonymity may be compromised. The Journal follows the Guidelines of the Uniform Requirements for Manuscripts ( The Journal requires in its Guidelines for Authors a statement from Authors that “the subject gave informed consent”.

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About the Clinical Cases Database

T​he Foundation Years Clinical Cases Database is​ a selection of 600 peer-reviewed clinical cases in the field of patient safety and clinical practice, specifically focused on the clinical information needs of junior doctors, based around the Foundation Year Curriculum programme (MMC). The cases have been chosen to align with the Foundation Year Curriculum.

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